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Bacterial Infections Overview

Common bacterial conditions of the skin include razor bumps, ingrown hairs, boils, impetigo, and cellulitis. As the name implies, these conditions are caused by the presence of bacteria and can be serious if not treated. In addition, if left untreated, many of these conditions can lead to permanent scarring.

Boils

A boil (furuncle) is a painful mass enclosing a collection of pus. Furuncles are closely related to carbuncles, which are deep masses of infected hair follicles. Furuncles are most commonly seen around the waist, thighs, buttocks and groin. Carbuncles can occur anywhere hair grows, and are most commonly seen on the back of the neck, the upper back and the thighs. Treatment by a medical professional is important, to ensure proper management of the condition and minimize recurrence or scarring.

Treatment of Boils

Your Trillium Creek Dermatology skin experts will advise you on the best course of treatment. These may include drainage of the lesion, topical and oral antibiotics or long term treatment if the condition is chronic.

Impetigo

Impetigo is a common, contagious infection of the skin caused by either staphylococcus (staph) bacteria, streptococcus (strep) bacteria, or a combination of the two.

Impetigo usually starts with reddened skin, often becoming crusted over. Impetigo is most common in children ages 2 to 6, and is often seen on the face. Infection may occur after a minor skin injury leaves a small crack or wound exposed. Direct contact with lesions can spread the infection, and nasal discharge from an infected person can also harbor the bacteria.

Treatment for Impetigo

Your Trillium Creek Dermatology skin experts l will assess the severity of the infection and recommend topical and/or oral antibiotics. Cultures of lesions may be taken to enable targeted treatment. New lesions should be treated immediately to minimize spreading, and close contact with others should be avoided until crusted lesions are dry.

Cellulitis and Erysipelas

Cellulitis and erysipelas can be very serious infections of the skin commonly caused by the streptococcus (strep) bacteria. Cellulitis affects the skin and deep underlying tissues, while erysipelas is more superficial. Infection can occur at the site of a bruise or other wounds such as a burn or surgical cut.

Cellulitis and erysipelas infections are most often seen on the face, arms, and legs accompanied by fever, chills, swollen lymph glands, and pain.

Treatment for Cellulitis and Erysipelas

Your Trillium Creek Dermatology skin experts will assess the severity of the infection and recommend topical and/or oral antibiotics. Cultures of lesions may be taken to enable targeted treatment. You may also be advised to elevate the affected limb to assist with drainage and speed recovery.