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Often mistaken for a skin condition that is exclusive to teenagers, particularly among boys in their postpubescent years, acne can in fact strike at men and women of all ages. It is estimated that acne affects almost ten percent of the population, placing it in the top ten of all diseases worldwide! The condition can be both embarrassing and painful but can be controlled with the appropriate treatment.

The full medical term for this widespread condition is acne vulgaris. Vulgaris is the Latin word for “common”, while the term acne refers to sharp points or pimples. Another skin condition that can be prefaced by the word acne is acne rosacea. This is a separate condition and it is sometimes confused with acne vulgaris, but it is treated in a different way.

Other forms exist, but they are less common than acne vulgaris. These include:

  • Acne conglobata: a severe form of mature-onset acne that occurs mainly in men whose testosterone levels are abnormally high,
  • Acne inversa: a condition that primarily affects the armpits and groin
  • Acne keloidalis nuchae: a specific form occurring on the scalp, particularly among men of African descent. It is often associated with short-cropped or shaved hair which aggravates the skin.

Acne originates within the pores, or hair follicles, of the skin. It is most commonly found on the face (chin, forehead, cheeks, jawline, nose, and around the mouth) but can also appear on the back and the chest.

Acne pimples are distressing, but untreated acne can lead to inflammation, infection of the pores, and the development of pustules, nodules, and even large cysts. Skin becomes pock-marked and scarred, with scars persisting long after the underlying cause has faded.

People who suffer from acne vulgaris can be very self-conscious of their condition, particularly in social situations. This can lead to psychological problems including anxiety and depression.

The good news is that acne is manageable, especially if it is treated early and managed well. Call 330.725.0569 or come into Trillium Creek Dermatology – we have a full range of treatments to combat your condition and lessen the chance of scarring.

Causes of Acne

Acne is most often induced by hormonal changes, primarily an increase in androgen production. Each hair follicle within the skin has a gland that produces oil. This is an entirely natural process, but when oil production becomes excessive in response to hormone changes it can cause dead skin cells to clump together in the oil rather than shed from the skin. The pores become filled with this debris which darkens through exposure to the air (oxidation). This is commonly referred to as a blackhead or “comedone”.

Sometimes the oil and skin debris will effectively close the pore by plugging it completely. Because air cannot get to the debris to darken it, a whitehead is formed. Bacteria thrive in this environment, causing pimples and inflammation. Left untreated, scarring can occur.

When tissues become injured, the body rushes to repair the injury site. Among the elements of the repair are white blood cells and inflammatory molecules that have the task of repairing tissue and fighting infection. When their job is done they may remain at the site of an active lesion for days or even weeks. In people who are susceptible to scarring, the result may be a scar in the form of fibrous or eroded tissue. Two types of scars exist: depressed areas and raised thickened tissue known as “keloids”.

It’s a myth that only teenagers or those with unclean habits or junk food addictions get acne. It is true that most of the people we treat at Trillium Creek Dermatology are young adults, but we frequently treat cases in mature adults as well.

Because of the link with hormonal changes, it is understandable that most teenagers are likely to develop some level of acne during puberty. Hormonal changes can also lead to outbreaks among women during pregnancy.

There has been considerable research about whether certain foods cause acne. One thing the scientists do know is that they don’t know for sure! There is evidence that processed or refined carbohydrates and certain dairy products can stimulate acne, but the best advice seems to be that if you think a particular food is aggravating your condition, try cutting it out for a few weeks to see if your condition improves.

Helen Torok, MD

Leonard J. Torok, MD

Bryan Baillis, MD

Robert Marsico Sr., MD

Matthew Reedy, MD

Joshua Weaver, MD

Jenna Benchek, PA-C

Gabriella Furfari, PA-C

Jordan Goad, PA-C

Francine Johns, PA-C

Leah Kelly, PA-C

Sarah Michalak, PA-C

Molly Verhoff, PA-C

Monica Alexis, RN

Megan Heiby, RN

Michelle Koenig, RN

Michelle Telloni, RN

Acne Treatment

There are over-the-counter topical treatments available for cases of mild acne and, when used according to directions, these topical acne spot treatments can provide an effective remedy. Mild cleansing routines and face masks can also provide some relief.

For moderate to advanced cases, however, and for those not responding to conventional treatment, you may require prescription medication. The best acne treatment for you will be prescribed by your Trillium Creek Dermatology skin expert.

Topical Therapy

Effective treatments are available both over-the-counter and by prescription only.

Over-the-counter topical treatments include:

  • benzoyl peroxide: a mild antibiotic available in various concentrations,
  • sulfur-based products: effective in treating existing pustules, and
  • salicylic acid: also effective in treating existing blackheads and whiteheads.

Prescription topical treatments include:

  • retinoid cream: a common, effective treatment used to unclog swollen pores and maintain clear skin,
  • erythromycin and clindamycin: antibiotic creams used to kill the bacteria that leads to inflammation, and
  • sulfacetamide: an antibiotic often combined with sulfur, that opens clogged pores and is effective in treating inflammatory acne.

Accutane is one of the most effective oral medications for acne. It is a vitamin A, which shrinks the sebaceous gland. It halts the production of the natural oil that causes acne. The side effects associated with this product require the patient to follow detailed guidelines.

Oral Antibiotics & Vitamins

Antibiotics are effective in reducing bacteria and fighting inflammation for moderate to severe cases. They include tetracycline, doxycycline, and minocycline.

Certain vitamins can also play a key role in fighting acne. Vitamin A, vitamin E, zinc nicotinamide, selenium, and magnesium have all been shown to prevent or minimize acne outbreaks. Some vitamins can be harmful in large doses, and many carry unwanted side effects. Your Trillium Creek skin expert will advise you on the safest, most effective amounts to take for relief.

Oral Hormones/Birth Control Pills

Birth control pills and oral hormones are very effective for acne in women when hormonal imbalance is the root cause. There is a wide range of formulations representing different combinations of estrogen and progestin. Your Trillium Creek skin expert will work with you to find the right combination to reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks.

Acne Laser Treatments and Cosmetic Procedures

There are several cosmetic procedures available, including laser treatment that can greatly minimize acne and lessen the chance of scarring.

The following are among the procedures available:

How do you clear up acne?

Acne can be treated in a variety of ways, with medicines that are applied topically to the skin, and/or with oral medications. Other factors such as exercise, genetics, and diet can also be taken into consideration when attempting to clear acne.

How long does acne last?

It is different for each person. Some people are only affected for a short time, through puberty, and have clear skin in adulthood. Some people have it as teens, all the way into their adult life. Others, who may have never had acne issues as a teenager, can develop it as an adult and struggle with it for years.

How should I sleep to avoid acne?

Adequate rest is important for our body in many ways, including helping our skin to rest and repair. You should aim to get at least 8 hours of sleep every night. Lack of sleep increases the stress hormones circulating in our body, which can negatively impact overall skin health.

Is cystic acne hormonal?

It can be, however, not all cystic acne is due to hormones.

Should I use benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid?

One is not better than the other, rather they are different chemicals that work differently on the skin. Be cautious with over the counter products, and consult your provider to determine which product, if any, is right for you.

What can I drink in the morning for clear skin?

There is no magic potion for clear skin. However, drinking water throughout your day can help maintain a proper level of hydration in the skin, which in turn leads to healthier and clearer skin.

What Causes Acne?

Acne can be caused by a number of things, including diet, genetics, hormones, and inflammation.

What does cystic acne look like?

Cystic acne usually presents with large nodules or cysts that you can feel under the skin, and even see on the surface. These lesions are often large, and can be painful.

What foods cause acne?

Dairy products, such as milk and cheese, have been documented to make acne worse, in certain individuals. Foods with high glycemic index such as candy and many processed foods, have also been documented to make acne worse.

What helps to clear acne?

There are so many topical products, and oral medications that can help acne. It is important that you meet with your provider and discuss a treatment regimen that is right for you.

Can actinic keratosis turn into basal cell carcinoma?

Yes, if left untreated, AKs can become SCC.

Do chemical peels help actinic keratosis?

Yes, they can help to remove some of the thick layer of dead skin on the surface of these lesions.

Does actinic keratosis need to be removed?

In most cases, it is recommended that AKs are removed or treated to prevent the progression into SCC.

Does Retin A help actinic keratosis?

Yes, it can help to remove some of the thick layer of dead skin on the surface of these lesions. It can also help to thicken the skin and reverse some of the sun damage that is the precursor for AKs.

How can you tell the difference between actinic keratosis and seborrheic keratosis?

These lesions can look very similar, but most commonly seborrheic keratoses are brown with a \u201ccrusty\u201d or \u201cwartlike\u201d appearance, where AKs are red with white scales. It is always recommended that you consult with your provider to determine the true nature of these lesions.

How do you treat actinic keratosis on face?

There are many ways to treat AKs, including cryotherapy, chemotherapy creams, various light and laser therapies, and chemical peels to name a few.

How is actinic keratosis prevented?

Limiting long term sun exposure is the key to preventing AKs- wearing sunscreen and protective clothing, sitting in the shade when possible. A good skin care routine is also helpful in reducing chronic sun damage.

Is actinic keratosis dangerous?

AKs themselves are not overly dangerous, but if they evolve to Squamous Cell Carcinoma they can be. SCC, if left untreated, can spread deeper into the skin and to other parts of the body internally.

Should actinic keratosis be biopsied?

If your provider is certain a lesion is an AK, a biopsy is not usually necessary. He or she may recommend simply to treat the lesion. If they are uncertain if the lesion is already a SCC, then a biopsy is warranted.

What causes keratosis?

In essence, long term sun exposure causes damage to the skin, resulting in AKs.

What does actinic keratosis look like?

Usually, they are red areas with a scale on top. Often they are mistaken for \u201cdry skin\u201d that doesn’t ever go away.

What is the best treatment for actinic keratosis?

Consult with your provider as to the best treatment for you.

What is the primary cause of actinic keratosis?

The cumulative effect of sun damage over a person’s life causes actinic keratosis.

Can folliculitis be caused by stress?

Stress can make many skin conditions worse, including folliculitis.

Can folliculitis cause bald spots?

Typically folliculitis does not result in bald spots, unless there is significant inflammation or trauma to the area from scratching. The hair, if lost, should return in most cases.

Can folliculitis make you feel unwell?

In most cases, folliculitis does not make you feel ill, however in extreme cases it might.

Can hormonal imbalance cause folliculitis?

In some cases, a hormonal imbalance can cause folliculitis.

Can penicillin treat folliculitis?

Many different antibiotics are used to treat folliculitis, therefore, a consultation with your provider is recommended to see which one is right for you.

Can you have folliculitis for years?

Unfortunately, yes, some people are plagued with folliculitis on and off for years.

Can you work out with folliculitis?

Yes, you can workout with folliculitis.

Do lymph nodes swell with folliculitis?

The lymph nodes in the surrounding area can swell from folliculitis in more significant cases.

Does hydrocortisone help folliculitis?

It can help in some cases, be sure to consult with your provider to see if the treatment is right for you.

How can you tell if folliculitis is bacterial or fungal?

Your provider may do a culture to determine if it is caused by bacterial or fungal agents.

How do you get rid of folliculitis?

There are many ways to treat folliculitis depending on the cause, including topical antibacterials, steroid creams, and oral antibiotics, to name a few.

How do you know if folliculitis is healing?

One should see a reduction in swelling, irritation, and redness if the folliculitis is healing.

How do you stop folliculitis from spreading?

Reducing irritation, such as shaving or using abrasive exfoliants, can help to prevent the spread of the folliculitis. Using antibacterial soap might also be helpful to reduce the spread.

How do you treat folliculitis at home?

Reducing irritation, such as shaving or using abrasive exfoliants, can help to prevent the spread of the folliculitis. Using antibacterial soap might also be helpful to reduce the spread.

How long does it take for folliculitis to go away?

It can vary from person to person. With appropriate treatment, folliculitis can be treated in 6-12 weeks.

Is folliculitis a STD?

No.

Is folliculitis an autoimmune disease?

No.

Is folliculitis the same as acne?

No, although they can present in the same areas in some cases.

Is Tea Tree Oil Good for folliculitis?

Tea tree oil naturally has some anti-inflammatory properties. However, it is recommended to consult with your provider to see if it is the right treatment for you.

Should I pop folliculitis bumps?

No. Trying to \u201cpop\u201d the bumps can make the inflammation worse.

What aggravates folliculitis?

Folliculitis is most commonly caused by an infection of hair follicles with Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria. It may also be caused by viruses, fungi, or inflammation from ingrown hairs.

What does a folliculitis look like?

It usually presents with red swollen bumps around a hair follicle.

What is folliculitis on scalp?

Folliculitis on the scalp is inflammation around the hair follicles, specifically on the scalp.

What is the best antibiotic to treat folliculitis?

The best antibiotic depends on the bacteria that is causing the folliculitis. Consult with your provider to determine the best treatment for you.

Why do I keep getting folliculitis?

It can be made worse by shaving, friction from tight clothing, extended contact from bandages or occlusive dressings, abrasions, or pre-existing conditions such as eczema.

Why do my hair follicles itch?

Inflammation around the hair follicles can lead to itching.

Why does folliculitis keep coming back?

It can be made worse by shaving, friction from tight clothing, extended contact from bandages or occlusive dressings, abrasions, or pre-existing conditions such as eczema. If these causes or aggravating factors are not addressed, then folliculitis can become chronic.

Can dehydration cause rosacea?

No, dehydration does not cause rosacea, but dehydration can make many skin conditions worse.

Can I get a facial if I have rosacea?

You can, although it is important to discuss with your provider which type of facial would be most appropriate as to not cause a flare of your rosacea.

Can I get rosacea on my arms?

Rosacea typically affects the face, chest, back, and scalp.

Can I use hyaluronic acid if I have rosacea?

Yes, you can use hyaluronic acid if you have rosacea.

Can rosacea affect your eyes?

Yes rosacea can affect your eyes. Ocular rosacea can cause inflammation, redness, burning and itching of the eyes.. If you suspect you have ocular rosacea, it would be beneficial to consult with your dermatology provider and your ophthalmologist.

Can rosacea come on suddenly?

Yes it can. There are many triggers for rosacea including stress, spicy foods, heat (in drinks or a sunny day), and alcoholic beverages. Any of these, and others, can cause a sudden flare of rosacea.

Can stress and anxiety cause rosacea?

Yes, stress is a common cause of rosacea.

Can thyroid problems cause rosacea?

Thyroid disease itself is not likely to cause rosacea, but the complications of those disease such as heat intolerance, can make it worse.

Can weight gain cause rosacea?

Weight gain itself does not cause rosacea, see above for the list of triggers.

Can you wear eye makeup with ocular rosacea?

You can, although it would be recommended to use minimal products during an active flare.

Does makeup make rosacea worse?

Makeup products are often composed of many many chemicals, which can make rosacea worse. Try to find a makeup that is gentle, and one that does not exacerbate symptoms.

Does rosacea go away?

In most cases, rosacea is a chronic condition, but can wax and wane for years.

Does stress cause rosacea?

Stress is a major trigger for rosacea.

How can I stop my rosacea from itching?

For full treatment options, it is best to consult with your dermatology provider.

How common is Ocular Rosacea?

Ocular rosacea is fairly common, and can affect 50% of patients that have rosacea.

How do I get rid of rosacea permanently?

There is no cure for rosacea.

How do they test for rosacea?

Usually, rosacea is diagnosed by physical examination by your dermatology provider.

How do you calm rosacea?

There are many prescription therapies for rosacea, both topical and oral medications. It is also recommended to avoid triggers, and to use gentle skin care.

How do you know if youve got rosacea?

It is diagnosed upon physical examination by your dermatology provider.

How long can you stay on doxycycline for rosacea?

Many dermatology providers have different opinions on this issue. Rosacea can be treated with low-dose or high-dose doxycycline, but it is ultimately up to you and your dermatology provider the appropriate length of treatment with these medications.

How long does a rosacea flare up last?

It is different for every person, depending on triggers or confounding factors. For some it can be as short as a few weeks, others it can be months.

Is Cetaphil good for rosacea?

Cetaphil products are gentle, and generally well tolerated by those who have rosacea.

Is Dove soap good for rosacea?

Dove products are gentle, and generally well tolerated by those who have rosacea

Is hyaluronic acid OK for rosacea?

Hyaluronic acid can be helpful to lock moisture in the skin, which can help rosacea in some instances. It is recommended that you consult with your dermatology provider before you begin any new therapies.

Is rosacea a sign of lupus?

No. Lupus gives a characteristic malar rash, which while it can look like rosacea, is different.

Is Rosacea a vitamin deficiency?

No. rosacea is not a vitamin deficiency.

Is Rosacea an autoimmune disease?

No, it is a chronic inflammatory condition.

Is Rosacea an inflammation?

Yes, it is caused by inflammation.

Is rosacea bacterial?

No, rosacea is not bacterial in nature.

Is rosacea caused by fungus?

No rosacea is not caused by fungal agents.

Is rosacea contagious?

No, rosacea is not contagious.

Is Rosacea diet related?

It can be triggered by a variety of foods, including spicy foods, hot food/drink, and alcoholic beverages.

Is Rosacea hormone related?

It can be made worse by hormonal changes.

Is salt water good for rosacea?

Most dermatologists would not recommend saltwater as a treatment for rosacea.

Should I see a dermatologist for rosacea?

Yes! If your skin is not the way you’d like it to be, your dermatology provider can help you.

Should you exfoliate if you have rosacea?

Aggressive exfoliation should be avoided in people with rosacea.

Should you moisturize rosacea?

Yes, proper skincare, including moisturizing daily with a gentle lotion is recommended.

What are the 4 types of rosacea?

There is Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea, Papulopustular Rosacea, Phymatous Rosacea, and Ocular Rosacea.

What are the early signs of rosacea?

Redness to the face in the classic T zone is an early sign of rosacea.

What are the stages of rosacea?

See above on the 4 types of rosacea.

What does rosacea on the face look like?

Redness and broken blood vessels on the face in the classic T zone, mostly on the cheeks.

What is the best moisturizer for rosacea?

There is no \u201cone size fits all\u201d for rosacea. Consult with your dermatology provider.

What is the difference between rosacea and seborrheic dermatitis?

Rosacea is an inflammatory condition of the midface, chest, back, and scalp causing redness and acne-like lesions. Seborrheic Dermatitis, or dandruff, is a condition that causes scaling to the hair-bearing areas of the face, nasolabial folds, ears, and scalp.

What kills rosacea mites?

There are prescription medications that can reduce and eliminate the Demodex mite that can cause rosacea but should be discussed with your dermatology provider.

What over the counter medicine is good for rosacea?

Treatment for your rosacea should be discussed with your dermatology provider.

What products do dermatologists recommend for rosacea?

Gentle skincare products such as Dove, Cerave, or Cetaphil are great for a patient that has rosacea, but any other over the counter products should be discussed with your dermatology provider.

What products to avoid with rosacea?

Products with harsh chemicals or acids should be avoided unless directed by your dermatology provider.

What should I wash my face with if I have rosacea?

Dove, Cerave, or Cetaphil products are all gentle cleansers that are typically recommended for patients with rosacea.

Where does rosacea appear?

Rosacea can affect the face, chest, back, and scalp.

Can dry skin cause bumps?

Yes, there are several dry skin conditions that can cause skin bumps. A common cause is keratosis pilaris. It is best to see your skincare provider to properly diagnosis your skin condition.

Can I remove seborrheic keratosis myself?

No, even when you scratch these growths off at home they can recur.

Can keratosis become cancerous?

The term keratosis is a general term that is used with both benign and pre-cancerous skin conditions. It is best to see your skincare provider to properly diagnosis your skin condition.

Can you pick off seborrheic keratosis?

Some seborrheic keratoses are raised and can be picked off, but without removing the growth entirely they can grow back.

Can you prevent keratosis?

No, to some extent they are determined by your genetics. Proper sun protection can help to minimize them.

Can you scratch off actinic keratosis?

No. These are precancerous growths and if they are not entirely removed they will recur and can develop into squamous cell carcinoma.

How can you tell the difference between melanoma and seborrheic keratosis?

These growths need to be evaluated in the office. See your skincare provider to properly diagnose your skin condition.

How do you get rid of benign skin growth?

It depends on the growth type. Common removal techniques include snipping, shaving, and curettage.

How do you get rid of keratosis?

\u201cKeratosis\u201d is a general term that applies to both benign and precancerous lesions. It is best to see your skincare provider to properly diagnosis your skin condition and discuss removal options.

Is there a cream for seborrheic keratosis?

No. They must be removed by a procedure in the clinic.

Is there an over the counter treatment for seborrheic keratosis?

No. They must be removed by a procedure in the clinic.

Should I remove seborrheic keratosis?

No. They must be removed by a procedure in the clinic.

What are bumps on skin called?

It is best to see your skincare provider to properly diagnose your skin condition.

What are the different types of skin growths?

There are numerous types of skin growths. It is best to see your skincare provider to properly diagnose your skin condition.

What causes benign skin growths?

Many factors can cause skin growths including genetics and environmental factors.

What causes skin growths?

Many factors can cause skin growths including genetics and environmental factors.

What do cancerous skin growths look like?

Cancerous lesions have a variety of appearances. They can present as pigmented moles that have multiple colors or irregular edges, red lesions that are not healing, or bleeding or itching growths. Skin cancers can develop anywhere on the skin, in the eye, and in the mouth. It is best to see your skin healthcare provider to diagnose and treat any lesions you have questions about.

What does actinic keratosis look like?

They can have a variety of appearances. Generally, they are pink-red with a rough, sandpaper-like texture. They can also be pigmented or skin-colored.

What is the difference between actinic keratosis and seborrheic keratosis?

Actinic keratoses are pre cancerous lesions that develop from accumulated sun exposure. These require additional treatments. Seborrheic keratoses are benign-normal, healthy- growth resulting from genetics, friction, and sun exposure. These do not require additional treatments.

What triggers seborrheic keratosis?

Genetics more than anything. Sun exposure and friction to the site can trigger additional growth.

Are Birthmarks Genetic?

Yes

Can birthmarks appear at 6 months?

They can be present at birth or develop within the first few months of life.

Can birthmarks be lighter than your skin?

Some lesions present at birth can be lighter than your skin tone (ex: nevus anemicus), but there are a variety of other conditions that can present this way. It is best to see a board certified dermatologist to properly diagnose your skin condition.

Can birthmarks grow bigger?

Yes. It is normal for lesions to grow in size as the child grows. If it is growing at a faster rate it is best to see a board certified dermatologist to properly diagnose your skin condition.

Can birthmarks turn cancerous?

Some congenital lesions do have the potential to turn cancerous. Congenital nevi larger than 2 cm are particularly suspicious and are generally removed for this reason.

Can Brown birthmarks be removed?

There are a variety of methods of mole removal. It is best to see a board-certified dermatologist to properly diagnose and treat your skin condition.

Can laser remove birthmarks?

Some pigmented lesions are candidates for laser removal. It is best to see a board-certified dermatologist to properly diagnose and treat your skin condition.

Can moles be Birthmarks?

Birthmarks can be pigmented, like moles, or vascular.

Can you tattoo over Birthmarks?

Generally this is not recommended as it can hide changes in pigmentation that we watch for to assess the health of the birthmark. It is best to see a board certified dermatologist to properly diagnose your skin condition.

Do birthmarks go away?

Some lesions present at birth have the ability to resolve in time, but some lesions will remain present. It is best to see a board-certified dermatologist to properly diagnose your skin condition.

How can I lighten my birthmark?

There are many options available including laser treatments, topical bleaching creams, and surgical removal. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

How do doctors remove birthmarks?

There are many options available including laser treatments, topical bleaching creams, and surgical removal. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

How long does birthmark removal take?

The time requirement depends on the removal procedure that is used. There are many options available including laser treatments, topical bleaching creams, and surgical removal. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Is a stork bite a hemangioma?

This is a vascular growth that is genetic. Traditionally they are at the base of the scalp but that can be located elsewhere.

Is Vitiligo a birthmark?

No. Vitiligo is an autoimmune condition. The size and location of lesions can change over time.

What causes a port wine birthmark?

These vascular growths are genetic.

What causes a stork bite birthmark?

These vascular growths are genetic.

What causes brown birthmarks?

These pigmented growths are genetic. Some brown birthmarks are related to underlying conditions and others are simply pigmented with no associated risks. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What does a hemangioma look like?

They can be small and flat or large and raised. They can vary in color from bright red, putple, or blue.

What is a Mongolian blue spot?

This is a genetic vascular lesion. It is also known as \u201ccongenital dermal melanosis.\u201d It may resolve over time or persist for years.

What is a stork mark?

A vascular birthmark, also known as a nevus flammeus.

What is a vascular birthmark?

Vascular birthmarks are genetic and can have a variety of appearances. They can be flat or raised and can have a variety of shades (red, purple, or blue).

Whats the difference between a freckle and a birthmark?

Freckles are due to sun exposure and can become more numerous over time. Birthmarks are present at or soon after birth and do not become more numerous over time.

When should I get my birthmark checked?

If a spot is present at birth, the patient should be evaluated before they leave the hospital by the pediatrician and any specialist that may be necessary. Sites that develop within the first few months of life should be evaluated and monitored. The pediatrician will refer you to a dermatologist if they believe this is necessary.

When should I worry about a strawberry birthmark?

Vascular lesions should be evaluated when they are rapidly growing and when they are located in important locations, such as the eye, near the airway by the nose, mouth or throat, and near the groin.

Why do birthmarks grow hair?

Hair follicles grow hair and these hair follicles are located on the skin of the entire body except the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Sometimes pigment on the skin around a hair follicle will also affect the hair follicle resulting in darker and/or thicker hair growth.

Why do people have birthmarks?

Birthmarks are genetic in nature.

Why is it called a stork bite?

These vascular lesions are generally located at the base of the scalp so it became a nice story to say this was the mark left on the skin by the stork carrying the baby to the parents.

Are keloids cancerous?

Keloids are not cancerous.

Are keloids covered by insurance?

Insurance coverage depends on what plan you have, how your provider bills the treatment, and whether your keloid is symptomatic. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Are keloids dangerous?

In general, keloids are harmless thickened scar tissue. In certain areas if they grow larger and thicker they can restrict movement.

Are keloids painful?

Keloids can be tender or itchy but frequently have no symptoms.

Can aloe vera treat keloids?

No. Aloe vera can moisturize the site but will not remove thickened scar tissue.

Can I get a tattoo if Im prone to keloids?

It is best to avoid potentially scarring procedures, such as tattoos and piercings, if you are prone to forming keloids.

Can keloids get infected?

If the skin is open or you are scratching a keloid there is a potential for an infection.

Can Plastic Surgery remove keloids?

Keloids can be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Can you freeze off a keloid?

Some techniques for keloid removal involve a form of freezing called cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Can you microneedle keloid scars?

Some techniques for keloid removal involve microneedling or laser treatments. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Can you put hydrogen peroxide on a keloid?

No. This will not remove the keloid and can irritate the skin.

Do keloids flatten over time?

Some keloids do flatten over time, others will require treatment to thin the texture.

Do keloids go away?

Generally, keloids remain; they may flatten but rarely do they entirely resolve.

Does cryotherapy work on keloids?

Some techniques for keloid removal involve a form of freezing called cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Does massaging keloid scar help?

Scar massage can help to relax the thickened scar tissue in a keloid. Scar massage is most effective early in the healing process in a person who is prone to keloids. It is often not enough to treat a well-formed keloid.

Does Mederma work on keloids?

Some people find silicone bandages like mederma helpful in initial wound care to help prevent keloid formation. They can be beneficial on well-formed keloids but often anther treatment needs to be done simultaneously to treat the keloid.

Does Vaseline help with keloids?

Vaseline is helpful for woundcare after an injury or procedure and can be used during scar massage; but, use of Vaseline alone will not treat a keloid.

How do dermatologists remove keloids?

Keloids can be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or with cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

How do you get rid of cartilage keloids?

Keloids can be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or with cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

How do you hide keloid scars?

Thick foundations, like Dermablend, can hide changes in skin tone but there is nothing that can be applied topically at home to flatten a keloid.

How do you lighten a keloid?

Keloids can be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or with cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

How long do keloid injections take to work?

Often you will feel an improvement in the itch after the first injection. Steroid injections are done serially every month until the itch is entirely resolved and/or the lesion is flattened. The time range is different for each patient and each keloid.

How do you stop a nose ring keloid?

There is no way to prevent a keloid, but massage of the skin for several months after the piercing may help. If you have a history of keloid formation piercings are not recommended.

Is Baking Soda Good for keloids?

No. Keloids can be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or with cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Is cauliflower ear a keloid?

A cauliflower ear results from repetitive trauma to the ear leading to lack of blood supply to the ear cartilage. This is not a keloid, but the site may feel similar.

Is it normal for keloids to hurt?

Yes. Keloids are often asymptomatic, but they can be itchy or painful.

Is keloid removal surgery painful?

Pain with keloid removal depends on the removal option. Keloids can be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Is lavender oil good for keloids?

No. Please do not treat with essential oils. Keloids can be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Is there any treatment for keloid?

Keloids can be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Should I remove my piercing if I have a keloid?

If you are currently treating the keloid the piercing should be removed. Some people chose to leave the piercing in if the keloid is asymptomatic and they do not mind the appearance cosmetically.

What causes a keloid?

A keloid is an abnormal formation of thickened scar tissue. Underlying genetics make a person more or less likely to form a keloid.

What causes keloid C section scar?

A keloid is an abnormal, dense formation of scar tissue that can form after any skin trauma including surgeries, piercings, and shaving knicks.

What causes keloid?

A keloid is an abnormal, dense formation of scar tissue that can form after any skin trauma including surgeries, piercings, and shaving knicks.

What do keloids look like at first?

Keloids often have the same color as the surrounding skin but are raised and feel firm.

What does steroid injections do to keloids?

Steroid injections reduce inflammation and thin the skin. They help both the appearance, feel, and symptoms of a keloid.

What is a keloid nose piercing?

A thickened scar that forms at the site of a piercing.

What is pressure treatment for keloids?

Keloids, or thickened scars, can be treated by applying pressure daily and slowly increasing pressure over time. Keloids can also be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or with cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What is the best treatment for keloid scars?

Keloids can be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What oils are good for keloids?

No oils will remove keloids. Keloids can be removed surgically, with repeat steroid injections, laser treatments, or cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What steroid is used for keloids?

Intralesional Kenalog (Triamcinolone) is used to inject keloids.

Whats inside of a keloid?

Thickened scar tissue

Who gets keloids?

Anyone can get keloids, but some people are genetically predisposed.

Why do keloids hurt?

Keloids are abnormally thickened scar tissue and can hurt due to increased pressure.

Why do keloids itch?

Keloids are abnormally thickened scar tissue. This irregular tissue growth can result in itch.

Are Milia contagious?

Milia are not contagious.

Are Whiteheads and Milia the same?

The term whitehead is generally used in conjunction with acne and refers to a clogged pore. Milia has a similar appearance but do not have to be seen in the presence of acne.

Can an esthetician remove milia?

Some aestheticians extract milia during the course of a facial, but this depends on the provider.

Can a dermatologist remove milia?

Yes, dermatologists can extract milia

Can I remove milia at home?

This is not recommended. Picking at the site will not treat the milia. An opening in the skin has to be made to extract the milia.

Can Milia be permanent?

Generally, milia will remain if they are not extracted

Can Milia be prevented?

There is no topical that will entirely prevent milia, but routine use of a retinoid can regulate oil gland activity and reduce the number of new lesions.

Can Milia grow bigger?

Milia can grow over time, but the generally will lot grow larger than 5mm

Can moisturizer cause milia?

Thick moisturizer, especially onto thin eye skin, can contribute to milia formation.

Can you squeeze Milia?

No. An opening needs to be created in the skin to properly extract a milia and this should be performed by a skincare professional.

Does hyaluronic acid help Milia?

Hyaluronic acid is a wonderful moisturizer but will not treat or prevent milia.

Does Milia on eyelid go away?

Generally milia do not self resolve; they require extraction.

Does Retinol get rid of Milia?

Retinol can help to prevent new milia formation but will not treat existing milia.

Does tea tree oil help with Milia?

No, its not been known to help with Milia.

How do I get rid of Milia in the corner of my eye?

Milia can be removed by seeing a qualified provider to perform extractions

How do I get rid of Milia?

Milia can be removed by seeing a qualified provider to perform extractions.

How do I stop Milia coming back?

There is no way to entirely prevent milia, but routine use of a topical retinoid can regulate oil glands and decrease the number of new milia. It is also important to use only non-pore clogging (non-comedogenic) topicals on the face.

How do you extract Milia with a lancet?

A qualified provider will cleanse the skin, lance the skin directly over the most prominent point of the milia, and use an extractor to remove the milia.

How do you stop Milia from growing?

A retinoid can help to reduce the number of new milia but there is no way to entirely prevent them or stop them from growing.

Is Cetaphil good for Milia?

Cetaphil is a moisturizer that does not contribute to new milia formation, but it will not treat existing milia.

Is Dermaplaning good for Milia?

Dermaplaning does not treat or prevent milia. It is a treatment to reduce the amount of hair on the face and to gently exfoliate the skin.

Is Milia caused by diet?

No, milia formation is due to genetics and your oil gland activity.

Is Milia caused by stress?

No, milia formation is due to genetics and your oil gland activity.

Is Milia permanent?

Once present, milia will generally remain until extracted.

What causes milia?

Milia are composed of sebaceous secretions under pressure.

What does Milia look like in adults?

Milia are firm, skin-toned to yellowish small bumps on the skin.

What happens if you pop Milia?

You should avoid picking and attempting to pop milia. An opening must be made in the skin to allow them to be safely extracted and this is best done by a qualified professional.

What products are good for Milia?

There are no products that can entirely prevent or extract milia, but topical retinoids are helpful in regulating oil gland activity.

Why am I suddenly getting Milia?

Milia are due to genetics and oil gland activity. Hormonal changes or thick moisturizing products may be the cause of new-onset milia.

Are baths bad for molluscum?

No, but a child should not share a bath or towel.

Can a child get molluscum twice?

Yes, there are multiple strains of the virus that causes molluscum

Can healthy adults get molluscum?

Yes, though molluscum is generally rarer in adults because they have encountered the virus before. Molluscum can be a sexually transmitted infection in adults.

Can I remove molluscum myself?

Your body may fight off the virus that causes molluscum without requiring medical treatment. You should not attempt to pick or remove your own lesions as the virus is contagious from one site of your body to another.

Can molluscum contagiosum be cured?

Yes. There is a variety of in-office and at-home treatment options for molluscum that help the body defeat the causative virus.

Can molluscum turn into staph?

If molluscum is scratched open they can become secondarily infected.

Can you squeeze molluscum?

No, you should not squeeze molluscum as manipulating the lesions can cause spread to other body parts.

Can you use salicylic acid on molluscum?

In-office treatments for molluscum sometimes involve treatment with acids, including salicylic acid, but there are certain body locations that are too sensitive for this treatment. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Does molluscum get worse before it gets better?

Often a molluscum lesion will become inflamed and crusted as the immune system clears the virus.

Does molluscum have a white head?

A molluscum lesion is not a whitehead, but it can be extracted by a skincare professional.

Does steroid cream help molluscum?

Steroid cream does not treat the virus that causes molluscum, but it can reduce irritation in the surrounding skin known as molluscum dermatitis.

How can I boost my immune system to fight molluscum?

Eating a well-balanced diet, maintaining a healthy amount of daily activity, and reducing stress can all boost the immune system. Some people chose to take supplements such as Vitamin C and Zinc to boost immune function.

How did my child get molluscum contagiosum?

The pox virus that causes molluscum is widely prevalent in the environment. It is frequently spread by sharing towels after the bath or pool and by floor mats used for activities like wrestling and tumbling.

How do you get rid of molluscum contagiosum at home?

There are over-the-counter topical treatments, such as Conzerol, that are available for at-home treatment of molluscum. If lesions do not resolve with this treatment, it is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

How do you get rid of molluscum fast?

In-office extractions may be the fastest method of molluscum removal. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

How do you get rid of molluscum pubic area?

A variety of topical and destructive methods can be used to treat molluscum lesions. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

How do you know molluscum is healing?

The lesion may temporarily be inflamed and crusted before resolving it. Some lesions resolve by getting smaller and less red without a period of inflammation first.

How do you shower with molluscum contagiosum?

You can bathe and shower normally with molluscum. You should not share or reuse towels and the affected body regions should be washed and dried after unaffected regions.

How do you stop molluscum from spreading?

You should avoid picking and scratching lesions and wash and dry body regions that have lesions after areas that are unaffected.

How do you wash molluscum contagiosum off clothes?

There is no need to specially treat clothes that cover molluscum lesions aside from a standard machine wash.

How does duct tape get rid of molluscum?

Duct tape can mildly irritate the skin which may encourage the body’s immune system to clear the virus. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition

Is it OK to go swimming with molluscum?

It is ok to swim with molluscum, but you should wear shoes poolside and not share towels with anyone.

Is molluscum a big deal?

Molluscum is a common, generally mild viral infection that can be managed with your skincare professional.

Is molluscum contagiosum an STD?

In children, molluscum is a common environmental viral infection, but in adults with lesions in the groin, it is considered a sexually transmitted infection.

Is molluscum contagiosum itchy?

Molluscum is most commonly asymptomatic, but itching is possible, especially if there is surrounding skin inflammation known as molluscum dermatitis.

Is there an oral medication for molluscum?

There is no oral antiviral therapy for mollusum. Some people chose to augment their treatment with immune-boosting supplements such as Vitamin C and Zinc. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Should I pop molluscum?

You should not manipulate your own lesions. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What can a dermatologist do for molluscum contagiosum?

There are a number of treatments a dermatologist can do for molluscum. For example: topical cantharidin, extractions, and cryotherapy. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What cream can I use for molluscum?

There are several over-the-counter cream treatments that can be used for molluscum (ex. Conzerol). It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What does molluscum look like in adults?

Molluscum in adults looks identical to that in children, but is more likely to be located in the groin or buttock as it is a sexually transmitted infection in adults.

What is inside molluscum contagiosum?

The \u201ccore\u201d of the viral lesion includes infectious viral particles and skin debris.

What is molluscum caused by?

A pox virus.

What Molluscum infection looks like?

Skin-toned to pinkish pimps with a central indentation, solitary or in clusters.

What part of molluscum is contagious?

Touching a molluscum lesion or anything that was recently vigorously rubbed on the surface of a lesion can spread the pox virus.

Who is immune to molluscum contagiosum?

Most adults are immune to molluscum as they were exposed to it in their childhood.

Are bakers cysts painful?

Baker’s cysts can be painful, especially if they are growing larger.

Are cysts hereditary?

The ability to form cysts is hereditary. Body regions with higher density hair follicles and oil glands are more prone to cysts.

Are skin cysts dangerous?

Skin cysts are not dangerous, but can come with complications such as skin infection and scarring.

Can a cyst be hard like bone?

There are a variety of cysts ranging from soft to firm. Certain cysts, such as dermoid cysts, have such firm contents they can feel bony.

Can a cyst be mistaken for a tumor?

Cysts can occur on the skin and in internal organs, so some cysts can be mistaken for a tumor. Epidermal inclusion cysts have a characteristic, benign appearance, but It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Can a dermatologist remove a cyst?

Dermatologists can remove epidermal inclusion cysts and pilar cysts.

Can a sebaceous cyst go away on its own?

There are a variety of methods to treat cysts, but the only way to definitively remove a cyst is through a wide local excision.

Can a skin cyst turn into cancer?

This is very rare. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Can an ultrasound tell the difference between a cyst and a tumor?

It can in certain cases. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Can you pop a cyst?

If you think contents need to be drained, it is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Can you drain a cyst at home?

You should not stick a needle in or pop a sebaceous cyst at home. Its best to consult with your skincare provider instead.

Can melanoma look like a cyst?

It is uncommon for a melanoma to look like a cyst, but if you have any concerning skin lesion It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition

Do cysts grow bigger?

Cysts can grow bigger as the cystic lining fills with more contents over time.

Do cysts move under the skin?

Cysts are firm and slightly mobile under the skin surface.

Do you need stitches after cyst removal?

For a full cyst removal, or an excision, sutures are generally used to close the operative defect. It is best to consult the operating skincare professional to learn the details of the procedure they believe is best to treat your lesion.

Does Cyst Removal leave scar?

Cyst removal can leave a thin, linear scar.

How big can a cyst get?

Cysts have a wide range of potential sizes and can range from a few millimeters to high centimeters.

How can you tell a cyst from a tumor?

It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition. Cysts are more likely to be soft and slightly mobile, whereas tumors are more likely to be firm and immobile.

How do I get rid of cyst?

It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Is cyst a cancer?

Cysts are most commonly benign, non-cancerous growths.

Is cyst removal painful?

Cyst can be treated in a variety of ways , but removal generally entails a surgical excision that is performed under local anesthesia to prevent any discomfort beyond the initial injection.

What can happen if a cyst is left untreated?

A cyst may remain unchanged for years, but they can grow or rupture. Ruptured cysts become red and inflamed and may have a malodorous drainage.

What cancers cause cysts?

Generally cysts are a normal and benign finding, but there are certain conditions and syndromes that can lead to cyst formation, for example Gardner’s Syndrome. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What causes cysts on your privates?

Ingrown hairs are the most common cause of skin cysts in the groin. In females, clogged secretory glands can also form cysts in the groin.

What does a cyst feel like?

They are full but soft raised bumps in the skin.

What does a sebaceous cyst look like?

Cysts can be skin colored to pinkish. They are smooth, rounded bumps and may have a dark central pore.

What happens if you pop a cyst?

A cyst should not be popped or drained at home. Cystic debris (oil and dead skin cells) are in cystic sac but if the site is traumatized it can bleed or become infected. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What is cyst removal called?

A cyst is fully removed with a procedure called an excision.

What is inside a cyst?

The cystic lining holds sebaceous secretions and dead skin cells (a protein called keratin).

What is the fastest way to get rid of a cyst?

A surgical excision can remove the entire cystic sac in a short (generally 20 minute) procedure, but it is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What kind of doctor can remove a cyst?

Dermatologists and general surgeons can remove skin cysts.

When should I be concerned about a cyst?

When a cyst becomes tender, grows rapidly, or started bleeding or draining it should be evaluated by a skincare professional.

How does Tea Tree Oil remove skin tags?

It does not; tea tree oil should not be used.

How long do skin tags last?

Skin tags are permanent unless they are removed.

How long does it take for Compound W to remove a skin tag?

Compound W should not be used to remove a skin tag.

How long until skin tags fall off after freezing?

If treated in a medical office skin tags should fall off 2-3 weeks after treatment.

Should I be worried about skin tags?

Generally, skin tags are a normal benign finding. If they are bleeding, growing rapidly, painful, or colored they should be evaluated by a skincare professional.

What acid is used to remove skin tags?

In a medical office, a surgical snip procedure is used to remove skin tags, not a topical application of acids

What are skin tags caused by?

To a certain extent, your ability to make skin takes is inherited. Friction can also play a role, so factors like clothing lines, weight, jewelry, and physical activity can play a role.

What causes skin tags around eyes?

Friction from blinking contributes to the formation of skin tags around the eyes.

What does a skin tag look like?

Skin-toned, soft, projected growth.

What does it mean when a skin tag hurts?

It generally means that the growth has been irritated or picked at. It is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

What is the difference between a mole and a skin tag?

Moles are a genetically determined growth whereas skin tags are due to genetics and friction over the involved skin location

When should I worry about a skin tag?

If a skin tag is rapidly growing, bleeding, itching, or painful it is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Why am I suddenly getting lots of skin tags?

Weight gain, new clothing styles with increased rubbing of the skin, and increasing age can contribute to new skin tag formation. If there is any concern, it is best to consult with your skincare provider on the diagnosis and management of your condition.

Can a dermatologist help with alopecia?

Yes! There are a variety of causes of hair loss and a dermatology provider is specialized in diagnosing and treating your condition.

Can alopecia be caused by stress?

Yes. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that can flare with changes to the immune system, such as stress and illness.

Can female pattern hair loss be stopped?

Female pattern hair loss, or androgenetic alopecia, can be slowed in a variety of ways. Topical or oral Minoxidil, oral spironolactone, Biotin supplementation, PRP, and light therapy are some of the most frequently used methods your healthcare provider may discuss with you.

Can hair grow back after thinning?

In some circumstances hair loss is permanent, but with certain conditions it is reversible. There are a variety of causes of hair loss and a dermatology provider is specialized in diagnosing and treating your condition.

Can you get alopecia at any age?

Alopecia areata, an autoimmune form of hair loss, can occur at any age. Other patterned types of hair loss (male and female pattern loss) occur with age as a result of hormonal changes. There are a variety of causes of hair loss and a dermatology provider is specialized in diagnosing and treating your condition.

Does prednisone help with alopecia?

Prednisone is an oral steroid used in medicine to decrease inflammation. In alopecia areata, it may be recommended by your dermatology provider early in treatment to \u201cjump start\u201d your recovery or in intermittent dosing schedules that are safer to take over long periods of time to maintain your results. Steroids can also be injected into the sites of hair loss in the scalp (intralesional kenalog) to regrow hair with fewer side effects.

How common is alopecia?

Alopecia is a common cause of hair loss with a roughly 2% lifetime risk in the US. Please see Alopecia Areata | National Alopecia Areata Foundation for additional details.

How do doctors test for alopecia?

Often alopecia areata is diagnosed clinically (based on physical exam and history alone) but if it is necessary to verify, a small tissue sample can be examined under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis.

How do you know if alopecia is spreading?

Alopecia can appear quite suddenly. You may notice hair lightening in color (to grey) before it is shed. Some patients will notice increased hair loss on their pillow after sleeping or in the shower when washing. If you can see the smooth, hairless spot on the scalp you can check the size daily.

How does alopecia totalis start?

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that occurs when your body attacks hair-producing follicles. It can start quite suddenly seemingly without cause, but some people may note a recent increase in emotional stress or physical stress, such as recovering from surgery. The recovery time depends on the overall state of the patient’s health, the presence of stressors, the severity of their condition, and treatment interventions.

How is alopecia totalis treated?

Alopecia totalis can be treated in a variety of ways and it is best to consult your dermatology provider to determine what is best for you. They may discuss oral or intralesional steroids, oral or topical JAK kinase inhibitors, PRP, or laser treatments.

Is Alopecia hereditary?

Alopecia areata is considered an autoimmune condition and is hereditary. This does not mean that one or both of your parents have the same condition, but they passed down the ability for you to develop it.

Is Alopecia more common in males or females?

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition and therefore is more common in women, but it can affect both sexes.

Is alopecia totalis contagious?

No need to worry, alopecia totalis is not contagious.

What age do you start losing hair?

Depending on the cause or hair loss, it can occur at different ages. Alopecia areata often begins in childhood, but patterned hair loss occurs with advancing age and hormone changes. It is best to consult your dermatology provider for the evaluation and management of hairloss.

What are the 3 types of Alopecia?

There are a variety of terms used to discuss alopecia areata, but you may find it referred to in three different categories: 1. Patch-type alopecia areata: Coin-shaped patch(es) of hair loss on the face, scalp, or body (This is the most common form) 2. Alopecia totalis: Loss of all hair on the scalp 3. Alopecia universalis: Complete loss of hair including scalp, face, and body

What can a dermatologist prescribe for hair loss?

Alopecia and hair loss can be treated in a variety of ways and it is best to consult your dermatology provider to determine what is best for you. They may discuss oral or intralesional steroids, oral or topical minoxidil, oral or topical JAK kinase inhibitors, supplementation, or Spironolactone. Additionally, office procedures like platelet- rich plasma (PRP) or laser treatments may be discussed.

What causes alopecia hair loss?

There are a variety of causes of hairloss and a dermatology provider, who specializes in diagnosing and treating these conditions, should be consulted.

What causes female alopecia?

The age of onset and degree of female pattern hair loss is hereditary. This type of hair loss is due to male-type hormones (androgens), like dihydrotestosterone (DHT), leading to a miniaturization of hair follicles on the scalp with a shorter growing phase.

What does alopecia regrowth look like?

Alopecia regrowth commonly appears just like the surrounding hair but shorter, but it will lengthen with time and eventually blend in with surrounding hair. Occasionally new growth will appear white, as the body’s attack on the follicle is now allowing hair growth but preventing pigment formation, but normalizes in time.

What is Cicatricial alopecia?

Cicatricial alopecia means scarring hair loss. When this term is used, it means that hair that has already been lost cannot regrow because the hair follicles, where individual strands of hair start, have been destroyed.

What are the best vitamins for alopecia?

It is important to eat a balanced diet to support hair growth. Sometimes a diet change, regardless of the specific change that you make, can bring on hair loss because with new nutrient patterns and calorie levels the body is not sure that it has enough of the necessary \u201cingredients\u201d to support hair growth. It is recommended that you meet or exceed the recommended daily protein servings to support hair growth. Your dermatology provider may recommend a biotin supplement if they think this is appropriate for you. Your provider may choose to assess your thyroid hormone, vitamin D levels, and ferritin as irregularities in these values may contribute to hair loss.

What is the difference between telogen effluvium and alopecia?

Telogen effluvium is a shedding condition that can occur in anyone after exposure to physical or emotional stress; the hair loss does not occur until about three months after that stress occurs or starts. Alopecia is a hereditary, autoimmune form of hair loss that only occurs in those predisposed to it. Both forms of hairloss are reversible, meaning with the proper treatment you can recover full hair regrowth.

What virus causes alopecia areata?

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition caused by your own immune system. It is not due to a virus.

Which doctor should I see for hair loss?

A dermatology provider specializes in the treatment of hair, skin, and nail conditions and would be appropriate to consult for hair loss.

Why is my hair falling out by the handfuls?

Most commonly, this is due to a shedding condition called telogen effluvium triggered by some sort of stress (physical or emotional). It is best to consult your dermatology provider for the management and treatment of this condition.

Can hair grow back after thinning?

Many types of hair loss can be reverted or improved with the proper treatment. It is best to consult your dermatology provider for the management and treatment of this condition.

Do hair skin and nail vitamins really work?

For most healthy people, vitamins for hair, skin, and nails, can be very helpful. However, not all of these vitamins are created equal. It is important to consult with your dermatology provider about these vitamins, to determine if they are appropriate for you.

Does Biotin Shampoo help hair growth?

Biotin shampoo can support healthy hair growth, although further studies need to be done to say for certain how effective it is to reverse hair thinning and loss.

Does collagen make hair thicker?

Some studies have shown that collagen supplementation can support healthy skin, and prevent hair thinning and loss, although further studies are needed.

How can I improve my nail health?

A few key components to improving nail health include the following: limiting abrasive chemicals or agents and physical trauma, moisturizing often, and keeping the nails dry and clean. A topical nail hardener can be helpful in some cases. It is important to consult your dermatology provider with concerns about your nail health and strength.

How fast do nails grow?

It takes a full year to grow a new fingernail, whereas toenails take 18 months to grow a new nail.

How long does it take biotin to work on hair?

For most treatment regimens, 12-16 weeks is an appropriate length of time to see results.

How make my hair grow faster?

There are many ways to improve hair growth. Firstly, it is important to limit high heat, with blow drying and straightening/curling irons. Limiting hair coloring and bleaching can also support healthy hair growth. If there is an underlying disease, it is important to consult with your dermatology provider with more treatment options.

Is nail growth a sign of hair growth?

Nail growth is not necessarily a sign of hair growth.

Should you cut or file your nails?

It is a personal preference whether to cut or file your nail. However, if the nails are longer, cutting them would be easier than filing them. Filing is best for the weekly maintenance of the nails.

What are the functions of your nails?

The primary function of your nail is to protect the finger and to aid in the precision of fine motor movements of the fingers.

What are the side effects of taking hair skin and nails vitamins?

In most cases, these vitamins are well tolerated. However, many vitamins can cause stomach upset and diarrhea. It is important to consult with your dermatology provider before starting these vitamins.

What can I use to moisturize my nails?

Most moisturizers can adequately moisturize nails, such as Aquaphor, Cerave, coconut oil, cocoa butter, Cetaphil, or pure Vaseline.

What causes vertical ridges in nails?

There are many possible causes for vertical ridges in the nails, including aging, vitamin deficiencies, vascular disease and rheumatoid arthritis to name a few.

What deficiencies cause hairloss?

Many vitamin or mineral deficiencies can lead to hair loss, including vitamin D, B vitamins, calcium, and iron, to name a few. It is best to consult with your dermatology provider to investigate which vitamin or mineral deficiencies might be affecting your hair loss.

What does biotin do for your hair?

Biotin is a B vitamin that,if you’re deficient in, can lead to hair thinning and hair loss. Therefore, taking biotin supplements can help stimulate hair growth and thickening in the appropriate patient.

What is the best vitamin for hair and nails?

There are many vitamins that are utilized in hair, skin, and nail supplementation. It would be best to consult with your dermatology provider to determine which is right for you.

What vitamin deficiency causes lines in nails?

Many vitamin or mineral deficiencies can lead to hair loss, including vitamin D, B vitamins, calcium, and iron, to name a few. It is best to consult with your dermatology provider to investigate which vitamin or mineral deficiencies might be affecting your hair loss.

At what age does hyperhidrosis stop?

Hyperhidrosis often appears in adolescence and early adulthood. Localised primary hyperhidrosis often improves with age. If hyperhidrosis is caused by an underlying disorder such as anxiety, spinal nerve damage, or stroke, treating the underlying condition may help to improve the condition.

Can Benadryl help excessive sweating?

Benadryl is not usually a first line treatment for excessive sweating. For treatment options, it is best to discuss which treatment is best for you with your dermatology provider.

Can drinking water stop excessive sweating?

While staying hydrated is recommended for many reasons, excessive sweating is not likely to be cured by drinking water.

Can hyperhidrosis be cured naturally?

There is no cure for hyperhidrosis. However, there are many therapies that can reduce sweating that your dermatology provider can discuss with you.

Can low b12 cause excessive sweating?

There has been speculation that B12 deficiency can lead to hyperhidrosis, but further studies are required to show a definitive correlation.

Can low vitamin D cause sweating?

Hyperhidrosis has been described as an indicator of vitamin D deficiency in several studies. It is best to discuss with your dermatology provider vitamin D supplementation is right for you.

Can obesity cause hyperhidrosis?

Obesity is not a primary cause of hyperhidrosis, but it is considered a secondary cause.

Does dehydration cause hyperhidrosis?

No, hyperhidrosis is not caused by dehydration.

How common is hyperhidrosis?

Hyperhidrosis affects approximately 1-3% of the population.

How do you diagnose hyperhidrosis?

Hyperhidrosis is diagnosed by your dermatology provider clinically, meaning with a physical examination and questions you will be asked during the visit.

How do you get rid of hyperhidrosis?

There are many ways to treat hyperhidrosis, including topical antiperspirants and wipes, botulinum toxin injections, oral medications, lasers and surgical interventions. Sometimes, treating the underlying condition is enough to treat the hyperhidrosis.

Is hyperhidrosis only under arm?

Hyperhidrosis can affect the armpits, but also the hands and feet. It can be generalized in some cases as well.

Is there a pill for hyperhidrosis?

There are many ways to treat hyperhidrosis, including topical deodorants and wipes, botulinum toxin injections, oral medications, lasers and surgical interventions. Sometimes, treating the underlying condition is enough to treat the hyperhidrosis. It is best to consult with your dermatology provider to determine the best treatment plan for you.

What causes excessive sweating and thirst?

Excessive sweating, or hyperhidrosis can be caused by a number of reasons. Simply, it is often caused by a hypersensitivity or overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system. Secondary causes include stroke, obesity, diabetes, menopause, spinal nerve damage and chronic anxiety, to name a few.

What drugs cause excessive sweating?

Antidepressants, migraine medications, asthma inhalers, heartburn and reflux medications, and many others can cause excessive sweating.

What triggers hyperhidrosis?

Hyperhidrosis can be triggered by heat or hot weather, spicy food, anxiety, exercise, and a fever, to name a few.

When should I see a doctor about excessive sweating?

If your excessive sweating is bothersome,concerning, or accompanied by any other symptoms, it is best to consult with your provider.

Who treats hyperhidrosis?

A dermatology provider treats conditions of the hair, ski, and nails, including hyperhidrosis.

Can a new nail grow under another nail?

A new nail can grow under an old nail if the old nail suffered trauma but did not fully detach from the nail bed. If you are experiencing discomfort throughout this process you should be evaluated by your dermatology provider.

Can psoriasis cause nails to fall off?

Psoriasis can cause a variety of nail defects including pitting of the nail plate, oil spots or yellow discoloration of the nail plate, and dystrophy or thinning of the nail plate. When severely inflamed there can be a loss of the nail, but this is reversible if the psoriasis is well managed.

Can a fingernail be removed?

A surgical procedure called a nail avulsion can be performed to, temporarily or permanently, remove a nail.

Do toe nails grow back after being removed?

Toenails can grow back after a nail avulsion, but this can be prevented if the operating provider applies a solution called phenol to the nail matrix directly after removing the nail.

Does removing the toenail get rid of fungus?

Removing a nail plate that is suffering from a fungal infection may temporarily improve the appearance of the nail, but if fungus is not eradicated on the skin and in the foot’s environment the infection can recur.

How do doctors remove a toenail?

Toenails and fingernails (more precisely, the nail plate or the surface you apply polish to) are removed via a surgical procedure known as a nail avulsion. This can be performed by a variety of providers including the primary and urgent care setting, with dermatology, or with podiatry.

Is the nail bed hard?

No, the nail bed is soft, almost like the rest of your skin, but it is protected by the hard, keratin structure of the nail plate (the surface that can be painted with nail polish)

How do I numb my toe to remove ingrown toenail?

An ingrown nail should be evaluated by your dermatology provider. They may discuss topical treatments, surgical procedures, or oral medication.

How do you remove a toenail?

If you are wondering if your toenail should be removed you should be evaluated by your dermatology provider. Nail avulsions can be helpful in the correction of chronically ingrown nails, after severe trauma, and several other circumstances; however, this procedure should always be performed by a trained medical provider.

What is a nail avulsion?

The partial removal of the nail plate. Generally this is to treat an ingrown nail when one edge of the nail has recurrent issues with pain and inflammation from into the surrounding skin.

What is the medical term for removal of a nail?

A nail avulsion.

Can a baby see a dermatologist?

Yes, dermatologists are able to see patients of all ages.

Can a dermatologist cure eczema?

We currently do not have a cure for eczema, but dermatologists are experts in eczema management and can help to relieve a patient’s symptoms.

Do Dermatologists treat hair loss?

Yes, dermatologists treat diseases of the hair, skin, and nails. There are a variety of causes for hair loss and a provider can examine you and review your history to treat your hair loss condition.

What can a dermatologist do for baby eczema?

There are a variety of treatments available for eczema and the treatment option your skincare provider discusses with you will depend on the age of your baby and the extent of their affected skin. Generally treatment is focused on relieving itch through gentle skin care habits and topical steroids.

What is a pediatric dermatology?

Pediatric dermatology is a field of medicine focused on treating conditions of the hair, skin, and nails in younger patients (those 18 and under).

What is the difference between a dermatologist and a cosmetic dermatologist?

A dermatologist treats medical and cosmetic conditions of the hair, skin and nails. A cosmetic dermatologist focuses on cosmetic issues concerning the hair skin and nails, meaning their treatment options may not be covered by insurance. Examples of cosmetic dermatology treatments include Botox, fillers, and laser procedures.

What to know before going to a dermatologist?

A dermatologist should be seen when you have a concern about your hair, skin or nails. You should make sure the provider is in your insurance network and that you arrive to your appointment in a condition that allows the providers to see your issue (ex: do not wear nail poilish if you have a concern about your nail).

When should I see a pediatric dermatologist?

A pediatric dermatologist should be consulted for any condition concerning the hair, skin, or nails in a patient under 18 years of age. General dermatologists can help treat most skin conditions in this age group, but pediatric dermatologists are particularly helpful in the treatment of genetic conditions and surgical procedures in children.

Can liver problems cause melasma?

No. Liver problems do not contribute to melasma.

Can low progesterone cause melasma?

Classically, high progesterone levels have been seen in patients with melasma.

Can melasma appear suddenly?

Melasma is usually a gradual process with darkening of the skin occurring over weeks to months.

Can Melasma be caused by stress?

Lack of sleep and stress can worsen the symptoms of melasma.

Can Melasma be treated with laser?

Yes, there are certain lasers which can improve the appearance of melasma.

Can vitamin C treat melasma?

Yes, topical vitamin C is an antioxidant which can be used in melasma treatment regimens.

Does exfoliating help melasma?

Exfoliation can actually make melasma worse, especially if aggressive exfoliation is attempted. This causes inflammation in the skin and can worsen the condition. Light exfoliation, under the care of a dermatologist, may be attempted in some cases.

Does retinol help melasma?

Yes, topical retinol can be used in the treatment of melasma.

Does vitamin C serum help melasma?

Yes, vitamin C is an antioxidant which can be used in melasma treatment regimens.

Does Vitamin E help melasma?

Yes, vitamin E is an antioxidant which can be used in melasma treatment regimens.

How can I permanently remove melasma from my face?

Melasma can fade on its own. This usually happens when a trigger, such as a pregnancy or birth control pills, causes the melasma. When a woman delivers her baby or stops taking birth control pills, melasma can resolve. However, some people have melasma without a known trigger and can struggle with it for many years, or even a lifetime.

How can I reduce melasma pigmentation naturally?

Mineral-based sunscreens can be used every morning to improve the appearance of melasma. Topical vitamin C can also be attempted.

How can I treat melasma at home?

Mineral-based sunscreens in the morning and topical retinol nightly can help treat melasma. These products are available over-the-counter.

How do I fix melasma on my face?

The first step is correcting the underlying cause if there is one. Hormonal changes induced by pregnancy and birth control pills can cause melasma in many people. Delivering your baby or discontinuing birth control pills can help resolve melasma. It is advised to protect your skin from the sun as much as possible. There are various topical treatments , but it is best to see a dermatologist first before embarking on a treatment regimen.

How do you get rid of stubborn melasma?

There are various treatments for melasma, but it is best to see a dermatologist first before embarking on a treatment regimen.

How long does it take for melasma to fade?

Unfortunately, melasma can take months to years to resolve.

Is melasma and freckles the same?

No, melasma is not the same as freckling.

Is melasma cancerous?

No, melasma is not cancerous.

Is melasma caused by estrogen or progesterone?

Hormones such as estrogen and progesterone can be a driving factor in many cases of melasma. Pregnancy and birth control are the underlying cause in many cases.

Should I see a dermatologist for melasma?

Yes, it is important to see a dermatologist to confirm the correct diagnosis and to arrange a proper treatment regimen.

Can pigmentation be removed?

Yes, pigmentation can be improved with various topical treatments, chemical peels, lasers and other therapies outlined by a dermatologist.

Does hyperpigmentation get darker before it fades?

It depends on the treatment. Most topical treatments will slowly fade hyperpigmentation. There are certain lasers which can be used as well. Occasionally, pigment will darken after a laser treatment and then fade with time. It is best to consult your dermatologist to properly diagnose the type of hyperpigmentation you have and the best treatment regimen moving forward.

Does pigmentation come back after laser?

Pigment may return after laser treatment. It is important to continue strict sun protection and an appropriate topical treatment regimen outlined by your dermatologist to hopefully prevent a recurrence of pigmentation.

Does pigmentation go away?

Yes, with a proper treatment regimen, clearance may be achieved.

How can I lighten my dark forehead?

See your dermatologist to develop a proper treatment plan and possibly identify underlying triggers for the pigment.

How can I remove pigmentation permanently?

See your dermatologist to develop a proper treatment plan and possibly identify underlying triggers for the pigment.

How can I remove pigmentation?

Various topical medications, chemical peels, and laser treatments can be utilized to remove pigment. See your dermatologist for proper treatment.

How can I stop skin pigmentation?

Sun protection with mineral-based, broad spectrum SPF, is a great starting point for stopping progression of pigmentation. There are other topical medications such as retinol and hydroquinone that can be used as well.

How do I even out my skin tone?

The first step is to consult a board certified dermatologist to best assess your skin. A daily regimen can be developed to even out skin tone. In general, moisturizing and applying SPF in the morning is a great starting point.

How do I fix discoloration on my face?

See a dermatologist to develop a treatment plan.

How do I get rid of dark patches on my face?

See a dermatologist to develop a treatment plan. Sun protection with mineral based sunscreens are very important.

How do I get rid of dark pigmentation on my legs?

First, you should see a dermatologist to properly diagnose the type of pigmentation. There are benign/harmless types of pigment such as sun spots (lentigines). There are also dangerous types of pigmentation such as cancer (such as melanoma). Identifying the proper diagnosis and following a treatment plan outlined by your dermatologist is recommended.

How do you fix hyperpigmentation?

Topical treatments such as hydroquinone, retinol, and vitamin C are options. Procedures such as chemical peels and lasers can also be utilized. See your dermatologist to discuss the best options for you.

How long does pigmentation take to fade after laser?

This depends on the type of laser that was used. On average, about 2-4 weeks for the pigment to fade.

What diseases cause hyperpigmentation?

Various acids can be used for treatment of hyperpigmentation. A few examples are glycolic and kojic acid. Chemical peels can be performed, but this should be done under the care of a dermatologist.

What causes brown pigmentation on face?

Brown pigmentation can be caused by various skin conditions. Some examples include sun spots (lentigines) and melasma. Melasma is a hormone-related darkening of the skin. It’s best to see your dermatologist to properly diagnose the cause of your pigmentation and outline a proper treatment regimen.

What causes skin pigmentation?

Skin pigmentation can be caused by various skin conditions. Some examples include sun spots (lentigines) and melasma. Melasma is a hormone-related darkening of the skin. It’s best to see your dermatologist to properly diagnose the cause of your pigmentation and outline a proper treatment regimen.

What does hyperpigmentation look like?

Various conditions can cause hyperpigmentation. Melasma, sun spots (lentigines), age spots (seborrheic keratoses) are all examples. There are also dangerous brown spots such as melanoma. It’s best to see your dermatologist to properly diagnose the type of hyperpigmentation you have.

What does melasma look like?

Melasma appears as brown or tan patches most commonly on the face.

What food can cause pigmentation?

Food is typically not implicated in causing pigmentary disorders.

What hormone imbalance causes melasma?

Hormone imbalances such as high progesterone and estrogen can cause melasma.

What is best for pigmentation?

Various topical treatments such as hydroquinone can be used for pigmentation. Procedures such as chemical peels and lasers can also be used. See your dermatologist to develop the best plan for your condition.

What is hyperpigmentation on face?

Hyperpigmentation of the face can be caused by various conditions. It appears as tan and brown patches on the face. Melasma is a hormone-related darkening of the skin. There are other types of hyperpigmentation, so it’s best to see your dermatologist to properly diagnose and treat your hyperpigmentation.

What is melasma on face?

It is a hormone-related darkening of the skin.

What is the best ingredient for hyperpigmentation?

Hydroquinone is an ingredient that can lighten the skin. Follow your dermatologists guidance when using products with this ingredient. Q.What is the best product for skin pigmentation? It depends on the type of pigmentation you have. See your dermatologist to discuss the best topical product for you.

What is the best serum for hyperpigmentation?

There are various serums for hyperpigmentation. Many contain retinol and hydroquinone. It’s best to discuss the type of hyperpigmentation you have with your dermatologist before embarking on a treatment regimen.

What is the difference between blemishes and pigmentation?

A blemish is a general term for the imperfection of the skin, such as a pimple. Pigmentation is typically dark patches on the skin and can be caused by various conditions.

What is the difference between melasma and hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a generic term for the darkening of the skin. Melasma is a specific disorder that causes hyperpigmentation.

What products get rid of hyperpigmentation?

There are various products for hyperpigmentation. Some may contain retinol and hydroquinone. It’s best to discuss the type of hyperpigmentation you have with your dermatologist before embarking on a treatment regimen.

What is the fastest way to get rid of hyperpigmentation?

Pregnancy, birth control, and sunlight are all factors that can trigger and worsen melasma.

What vitamins are good for melasma?

Topical vitamin C and vitamin E are both used at times to treat melasma.

Which acid is best for hyperpigmentation?

Various acids can be used to improve melasma. Glycolic acid and kojic acid are two examples. It is best to seek advice from a board-certified dermatologist to discuss treatment options before embarking on a treatment plan.

Which ordinary product is best for hyperpigmentation?

A daily moisturizer with mineral-based SPF and nightly retinol can improve hyperpigmentation. Prescription topical medications can also be prescribed by your dermatologist.

Why do we get pigmentation on face?

There are various factors that can cause pigmentation of the face. Hormones and sunlight are two common causes.

Why does hyperpigmentation take so long to fade?

When you develop hyperpigmentation, the melanin pigment in the skin is naturally exfoliated over time. However, the time it takes for these marks to disappear depends on the severity and cause of your condition. Sunlight and hormonal influences can worsen and prolong hyperpigmentation.

Can contact dermatitis get worse?

If the offending or causative agent is not addressed, contact dermatitis can get worse.

Can contact dermatitis spread?

While contact dermatitis typically is confined to the area of skin that has come in contact with the causative agent, it can sometimes appear to be spreading beyond these areas due to a delayed reaction on the skin. Sometimes it can take up to 2-3 days to notice a reaction on the skin.

Can dermatitis be caused by stress?

Dermatitis is simply skin inflammation, which encompasses many skin conditions. Many skin conditions can be made worse by stress. Contact dermatitis is not usually caused by stress.

Can dermatitis be cured?

If the offending agent is found, and eliminated, yes it can be cured.

Can dermatitis be painful?

Yes, it can be painful in more severe cases.

How can I treat vulvar dermatitis at home?

Contact dermatitis resolves after eliminating the causative agent. With the help of a dermatologist, the dermatitis can be treated with a topical prescription for symptom relief until the causative agent is identified through a process called patch testing.

How do you get rid of contact dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis resolves after eliminating the causative agent. With the help of a dermatologist, dermatitis can be treated with a topical prescription for symptom relief until the causative agent is identified through a process called patch testing.

How do you get dermatitis?

If you are allergic to or irritated by a product or chemical, you can get contact dermatitis.

How common is dermatitis?

It is fairly common.

How do you get rid of vulvar dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis resolves after eliminating the causative agent. With the help of a dermatologist, dermatitis can be treated with a topical prescription for symptom relief until the causative agent is identified through a process called patch testing.

How do you treat dermatitis in hair?

Contact dermatitis resolves after eliminating the causative agent. With the help of a dermatologist, the dermatitis can be treated with a topical prescription for symptom relief until the causative agent is identified through a process called patch testing.

How long can contact dermatitis last?

This is variable depending on how quickly the causative agent is identified and how severe the initial response. Once the agent is completely avoided, the rash resolves.

Is Aveeno good for dermatitis?

Gentle products are generally recommended for contact dermatitis. It is best to consult your dermatology provider as to which products are recommended for you.

Is dermatitis a disease?

No, it is a skin condition caused by an irritation or allergy to a specific product or chemical.

Is dermatitis a virus?

No it is not a virus.

Is dermatitis always itchy?

It is commonly itchy, but can also burn, or not present with any symptoms.

Is dermatitis bacterial or fungal?

It is not usually caused by bacterial or fungal agents. Although if left untreated, areas of chronic irritation or scratching can become secondarily infected.

Is eczema and dermatitis the same thing?

No. Often people with eczema are more prone to contact dermatitis but they are not the same thing.

Is perioral dermatitis a fungus?

No. Perioral dermatitis is not usually caused by fungus.

Is seborrheic dermatitis contagious?

No. Seborrheic dermatitis is not contagious.

Should you moisturize contact dermatitis?

It is best to consult with your dermatology provider on the proper treatment regimen for you.

What are the different types of dermatitis?

There are many many types of dermatitis. Dermatitis simply means inflammation of the skin, in which case many skin issue include dermatitis.

What bacteria causes perioral dermatitis?

Bacterial agents have been cultured from lesions in periorial dermatitis, but it is not usually caused by bacteria.

What causes perioral dermatitis to flare up?

Many causes have been implicated in perioral dermatitis, such as heavy moisturizing, wearing sunscreen, and stress.

What foods trigger dermatitis?

Food as a cause of dermatitis is different for each person. It is best to consult with your dermatology provider.

What is the best cream for contact dermatitis?

There is no \u201cone-size fits all\u201d treatment for contact dermatitis, so it is best to consult with your dermatology provider.

What is the best cure for dermatitis?

There is no \u201cone-size fits all\u201d treatment for contact dermatitis, so it is best to consult with your dermatology provider.

What is the most common cause of contact dermatitis?

The most common cause of contact dermatitis changes from year to year. However in years past, some of the offending agents include nickel, fragrance, formaldehyde, and parabens.

Will Neosporin help perioral dermatitis?

Neosporin is not recommended as a treatment of perioral dermatitis.

At what age does eczema go away?

Eczema can go away after childhood in some cases. In other instances, eczema may persist through adulthood. This condition can be managed by help of your dermatologist and using products for sensitive skin.

Can eczema be caused by stress?

No, stress has not been identified as a cause for eczema. However, stress can worsen eczema when present.

Can eczema be a sign of something else?

Eczema is classically associated with other conditions such as seasonal allergies and asthma, but does not have to be. Eczema can resemble other rashes, such as irritant contact dermatitis or allergic contact dermatitis. Differentiating between the different rashes can be done by the help of your dermatologist.

Can eczema be a sign of cancer?

No, eczema alone is a benign condition.

Can eczema be caused by hypothyroidism?

No, hypothyroidism has not been identified as a cause for eczema. However, hypothyroidism can cause a general dryness of the skin.

Do I have eczema or psoriasis?

These diseases can look very similar. A dermatologist will be able to determine based on symptoms, family history, and if necessary a biopsy to determine which you have.

Can eczema make you feel tired?

Eczema itself cannot make you tired, but due to itching, lack of sleep can be common. If the itching is severe enough to keep you up at night, you should discuss this with your dermatologist so they can help you better control your symptoms.

Can Eczema turn into psoriasis?

Eczema cannot turn into psoriasis as they are two separate diseases. However, you can rarely have both diseases.

Can you suddenly get eczema?

Eczema can develop at any point in your lifetime. It classically present in infancy and childhood and can fully resolve. In some instances, this can progress into adulthood. You can also suddenly develop it in adulthood, even if you did not have it as a child.

Does eczema get worse as you age?

Eczema classically improves with age. It usually presents in infancy and childhood and can fully resolve. In some instances, this can progress into adulthood.

Does eczema spread by touch?

Eczema does not spread by touch and is not contagious. You do not have to worry about spreading eczema to anyone else.

Does eczema go away on its own?

Eczema can go away on its own, but can also persist. Symptoms can be managed with a variety of prescriptions from your dermatologist.

Does eczema get worse in the winter?

Yes, eczema can get worse in the winter.

Does hydrocortisone help eczema?

Hydrocortisone can help eczema in mild cases. However, it is a topical steroid and it is important to consult with your dermatologist if you are needing this cream daily for more than a few weeks. This may be an indication that your eczema required a stronger prescription from your dermatologist.

How does eczema look like?

The appearance of eczema can vary depending on age and skin type, but classically it presents as tiny little blisters on the skin. If the blisters have been scratched, it may just resemble red and inflamed skin.

How does eczema spread?

Eczema can spread if not well controlled by topical medications. Eczema does not spread by touch and is not contagious. You do not have to worry about spreading eczema to anyone else.

How does eczema start?

The cause of eczema is unknown, but it is thought to be related to overactive immune system response. It starts typically with itching, often before a rash even appears.

How long does eczema last?

It is variable for each person. It classically present in infancy and childhood and can fully resolve. In some instances, this can progress into adulthood.

How long does it take for eczema flare up to clear?

It depends on the severity of the flare. If over the counter products are not working to control your eczema, a prescription from your dermatologist may be warranted. In some instances, these prescriptions can clear a flare in as little as a day to up to two weeks depending on response.

Is Eczema a fungus?

No, eczema is not a fungus. However, eczema weakens your skin barrier, making you more vulnerable to secondary infections including a fungus.

Is lemon water good for eczema?

Drinking lemon water may have some added benefit in hydrating the skin. You may see some improvement with drinking lemon water, but likely not as much benefit as a prescription from your dermatologist to apply directly to the affected areas of the skin.

Is Vaseline good for eczema?

Yes, it helps protect the skin barrier and does not burn the skin with the application. It is good for prevention in eczema-prone areas. Your dermatologist will likely recommend this in conjunction with a topical prescription for flares.

Should eczema be exfoliated?

Exfoliation can often worsen eczema and therefore should be done sparingly. This can remove necessary moisture from the skin that allows eczema to heal. Try to limit exfoliating eczema-prone areas to once every two weeks or less.

What are the 7 different types of eczema?

Atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, hand eczema, nummular eczema, and stasis dermatitis.

What can eczema be mistaken for?

Eczema can resemble almost any other rash. It classically can mimic contact dermatitis or even psoriasis. Your dermatologist will be able to identify which skin condition you have.

What can kill eczema?

Eczema cannot be killed as it is considered the \u201citch that rashes.\u201d Meaning the itching actually causes the rash to develop and not a bacteria or fungus. Putting an end to the scratching with a prescription from your dermatologist can break the cycle of eczema.

What does eczema look like in adults?

Eczema in adults typically will present in the areas of the body that fold, the elbow creases, wrists, ankles, behind the knees, and sometimes the eyelids or hands. The appearance of eczema can vary depending on age and skin type, but classically it presents as tiny little blisters on the skin. If the blisters have been scratched, it may just resemble red and inflamed skin.

What does eczema look like?

The appearance of eczema can vary depending on age and skin type, but classically it presents as tiny little blisters on the skin. If the blisters have been scratched, it may just resemble red and inflamed skin.

What foods help with eczema?

Eating a well-balanced diet including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats can help with eczema.

What foods to avoid if you have eczema?

Avoidance of foods with a high glycemic index is important because it can worsen inflammation.

What gets rid of eczema fast?

It depends on the severity of the flare. If over the counter products are not working to control your eczema, a topical or sometimes oral prescription from your dermatologist may be warranted. In some instances, these prescriptions can clear a flare in as little as a day to up to two weeks depending on response.

What is a good way to treat eczema?

Adding moisture to the skin daily is important in treating eczema. This can be done with over the counter creams. If over the counter products are not working to control your eczema, a topical or sometimes oral prescription from your dermatologist is likely warranted.

What is considered severe eczema?

Severe eczema is any eczema that is bothersome, interfering with your daily life by impacting what you can do, or cosemetically unappealing. If this is the case, it is recommended to see your dermatologist for better management of your eczema.

What is the best cream for eczema?

For daily maintenance of adding moisture back into the skin, an over the counter cream compared to a lotion is great for prevention. The best creams for eczema are those that require a prescription from your dermatologist if your eczema is not controlled with over the counter products.

What is the difference between eczema and dermatitis?

Dermatitis put simply just means inflamed skin or a rash. Eczema is a specific type of dermatitis referred to as atopic dermatitis.

What is the main cause of eczema?

The cause of eczema is unknown, but it is thought to be a related to overactive immune system response. It starts typically with itching, often before a rash even appears.

What soap is good for eczema?

A gentle and fragrance-free soap is good for eczema, such as a bar of Dove for sensitive skin. This has very few chemicals, which minimize further irritation to already compromised skin due to eczema.

What type of eczema do I have?

There are various types of eczema, so it is best to consult with your dermatologist to determine which type you have.

What types of infections can exacerbate eczema?

Anytime the immune system is compromised due to fighting off another illness, there is a chance your eczema can flare.

What vitamin is good for eczema?

Vitamins containing nicotinamide at a minimum daily dose of 500mg can help eczema. It is recommended to consult with your dermatologist or primary care provider prior to starting any new medications.

Whats the difference between rosacea and eczema?

While both tend to be chronic conditions, rosacea typically affects adults on the midface and cheeks with redness and pus-filled bumps almost resembling acne. Eczema is more of a widespread itchy red rash beginning in childhood.

Where is eczema most common?

In infants, eczema is common on the face, neck, back of the elbows, and front of the knees while classically sparing the diaper area. In childhood, adolescent, and adult eczema typically will present in the areas of the body that fold, the elbow creases, wrists, ankles, behind the knees, and sometimes the eyelids, hands, or nipples.

Why is eczema so itchy?

Inflammation due to redness and irritation on the skin causes an increased blood flow to these areas. It is thought that the increased blood flow causes the severe itching.

Can actinic keratosis spread?

AKs can be developed on any part of the skin, but are not contagious.

Can actinic keratosis turn into cancer?

Yes, AKs can become squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer.

Does actinic keratosis come back?

Unfortunately, even with treatment, AKs can come back.

Does hydrocortisone help actinic keratosis?

Hydrocortisone may help to smooth the lesions temporarily, but they are not an appropriate treatment for them.

How big can actinic keratosis get?

Most AKs remain small, larger lesions tend to evolve into squamous cell carcinoma.

How do you get rid of keratosis?

There are many ways to treat AKs, including cryotherapy, light therapy, laser therapy, chemotherapy cream, and chemical peels, to name a few.

How is actinic keratosis diagnosed?

AKs are usually diagnosed clinically by your dermatology provider.

Is actinic keratosis benign or malignant?

AKs are not benign, but not malignant either. They are precancerous, meaning they have the potential to become malignant skin cancer.

Is there an over the counter treatment for seborrheic keratosis?

No. If you are interested in the removal of seborrheic keratoses, it would be best to consult with your dermatology provider.

What does actinic keratoses look like?

Actinic Keratoses look like red, rough, flaky spots. Often, it resembles \u201cdry skin\u201d that doesn’t go away.

What happens if Actinic keratosis is left untreated?

If left untreated, AKs can progress to Squamous cell carcinoma.

What is the most effective treatment for actinic keratosis?

The most effective treatment will depend upon the individual and the thickness of the AK. All treatment options should be discussed with your dermatology provider

What percent of actinic keratosis turns into cancer?

There is a range of documented percentages, 5-15% is usually accepted.

Will salicylic acid remove actinic keratosis?

No. salicylic acid is not a curative treatment for AKs.

Can a dermatologist tell if a mole is cancerous just by looking at it?

Sometimes, if the lesion is very obviously abnormal a dermatologist can suspect cancer. However, for any suspicious mole, a biopsy is performed and sent for confirmation as to malignancy.

Can a melanoma appear overnight?

Melanoma can have a quick onset, but it usually does not appear overnight.

Can chemo cure melanoma?

Chemotherapy can be a treatment modality used to treat melanoma.

Can melanoma be caused by stress?

Many body functions can be compromised when a person is under excessive stress. Skin health can also be compromised when under stress.

Can melanoma be picked up in blood tests?

There is no specific blood test to detect melanoma.

Can Melanoma go away on its own?

Unfortunately, melanoma does not resolve without treatment.

Can you have melanoma for years and not know?

Unfortunately, you can have melanoma for years, especially if it is a slow growing melanoma.

Do you need chemo for melanoma?

Many melanomas can be treated without chemotherapy.

Does vitamin D prevent melanoma?

Vitamin D does not solely prevent melanoma.

How do they cut out melanoma?

For specific questions, it is best to consult a plastic surgeon on this matter. Every surgical intervention for melanoma is different.

How do you know if a mole is suspicious?

Dermatology providers use a variety of tools and guidelines to determine if a mole is suspicious. If you are concerned that a mole is suspicious, it is best to consult your dermatology provider.

How do you know if a spot is skin cancer?

A biopsy is generally recommended to determine if a spot is cancerous.

How do you know if melanoma has spread?

Evaluation of spread should be discussed with your oncologist or plastic surgeon.

How fast does melanoma grow?

Some melanomas grow very slowly, and others can progress very quickly.

How long is chemotherapy for melanoma?

Length of chemotherapy depends on a variety of factors, and should be discussed with your oncologist.

Is melanoma cancer a death sentence?

No. Many people get a diagnosis of melanoma and live a full life span.

Is melanoma flat or raised?

It can be either or both.

Is Stage 1 melanoma considered cancer?

Yes. Melanoma at stage 1 is considered cancer.

Is Stage 3 melanoma terminal?

No, it is not terminal.

Should you see an oncologist for melanoma?

The need for an oncologist depends on many factors. Consult with your dermatology provider about your melanoma and if seeing an oncologist is right for you.

What are the 4 types of melanoma?

Superficial spreading melanoma, Nodular melanoma, Lentigo maligna melanoma, and Acral lentiginous melanoma

What can be done to prevent melanoma?

It is important to limit sun exposure by using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing, and avoiding the sun during the peak hours 10-2pm.

What can be mistaken for melanoma?

Melanoma can look like many different things, therefore many benign things can be mistaken for melanoma and vice versa. A biopsy is always recommended to confirm a suspicious lesion.

What color is melanoma?

Melanoma can be many colors including black, brown, and red.

What does a melanoma spot look like?

Melanoma can look like many things, therefore it is important to consult with your dermatology provider if you have a lesion that is concerning.

What does a suspicious mole look like?

Melanoma can look like many things, therefore it is important to consult with your dermatology provider if you have a lesion that is concerning.

What does melanoma do to the body?

Melanoma in its early stages stays locally within the skin. If left untreated, it can spread to many locations throughout the body, and even be fatal.

What foods to avoid if you have melanoma?

There are no specific dietary restrictions if you have been diagnosed with melanoma.

What happens to your body when you have melanoma?

Melanoma in its early stages stays locally within the skin. If left untreated, it can spread to many locations throughout the body, and even be fatal.

What is the first sign of melanoma?

Usually, melanoma presents as a solitary spot that is growing or changing in some way. therefore it is important to consult with your dermatology provider if you have a lesion that is concerning.

What is the latest treatment for melanoma?

Melanoma treatments vary widely depending on the staging of the melanoma at the time of diagnosis.

What is the most aggressive melanoma?

Nodular melanoma is the most aggressive melanoma.

What is the most common treatment for melanoma?

For a melanoma that is detected early, the most common treatment is surgical removal by a plastic surgeon.

What is the most effective treatment for melanoma?

Melanoma treatments vary widely depending on the staging of the melanoma at the time of diagnosis.

What really causes melanoma?

Melanoma can be caused by a variety of factors including genetics, and environmental exposures, specifically to UV radiation from the sun and/or tanning beds.

What scans are done for melanoma?

Annual full body skin checks are used to detect melanoma. Once a diagnosis is made, further scans and procedures should be discussed with your provider.

When should you get moles checked?

It is recommended that each person get an annual full body check unless otherwise dictated by your dermatology provider.

At what age does skin cancer typically occur?

Nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSC) typically occur in those 50 and older.

Can a dermatologist tell if you have skin cancer?

Your dermatology provider can detect a lesion that is suspicious for skin cancer. In most cases, a biopsy is necessary to confirm the diagnosis.

Can a dry patch of skin be cancer?

Yes, a dry patch of skin that is non-healing, can be a type of skin cancer.

Can a skin cancer look like a pimple?

Basal Cell Carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that can look like a pimple, usually one that is present for long periods of time and does not heal.

Can laser remove skin cancer?

Typically, lasers are not the first line treatment for treating skin cancers.

Can skin cancer go away by itself?

Skin cancers do not commonly go away without treatment.

Can skin cancer kill you?

If left untreated, skin cancer can be fatal.

Can skin cancer show up suddenly?

Some types of skin cancers may appear and progress quickly, while others grow slowly.

Can you have skin cancer for years and not know?

Unfortunately yes, some people have skin cancers for years before they have them evaluated by their dermatology provider.

Can you spread skin cancer by picking it?

No, skin cancer is not spread or contagious, although picking it is not recommended.

Do you see an oncologist for skin cancer?

In some cases and for certain types of skin cancers, a person with skin cancer does see an oncologist.

Does skin cancer hurt to the touch?

Not all skin cancers are painful, but they can be.

Does skin cancer show up in blood work?

There is no specific blood test to detect skin cancers.

Does sunscreen stop skin cancer?

Liberal and consistent use of sunscreen can help reduce the risk of skin cancers. However, some skin cancers are relative to genetics or other environmental factors so sunscreen might not protect against all skin cancer.

How can you tell if a spot is skin cancer?

If you’re concerned a spot is cancerous, it is recommended to consult with your dermatology provider.

How common is non melanoma skin cancer?

It is one of the most common malignancies, affecting millions of people every year.

How do dermatologists remove skin cancer?

Skin cancer treatments vary greatly, therefore it is recommended that you consult with your dermatology provider about which treatment is right for you.

How do doctors check for skin cancer?

Through physical examination, your dermatology provider can detect a lesion that is suspicious for skin cancer. Many providers use a tool called a dermatoscope to help them further, and more accurately, evaluate any suspicious lesion. In most cases, a biopsy is necessary to confirm a diagnosis.

How do they remove skin cancer from scalp?

Skin cancer treatments vary greatly, therefore it is recommended that you consult with your dermatology provider about which treatment is right for you.

How does skin cancer start?

Skin cancers can be caused by a variety of factors including genetics, and environmental exposures, specifically to UV radiation from the sun and/or tanning beds. Damage from these things can cause changes in the skin, leading to skin cancer.

How fast does skin cancer spread?

Some types of skin cancers may appear and progress quickly, while others grow slowly.

How is skin cancer prevented?

Liberal and consistent use of sunscreen can help reduce the risk of skin cancers. However some skin cancers are relative to genetics or other environmental factors so sunscreen might not protect against all skin cancer.

How long after sunburn does skin cancer develop?

There is no specific time after a sunburn for a skin cancer to develop. Skin cancers can develop from the chronic and cumulative effect of sun damage over a person’s lifetime.

How long does it take to remove skin cancer?

Skin cancer treatments vary greatly, therefore it is recommended that you consult with your dermatology provider about which treatment is right for you.

Is Skin Cancer raised or flat?

Skin cancer can present in many ways. It is best to consult with your dermatology provider if you have a spot that is concerning.

Is there a difference between skin cancer and melanoma?

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. Other skin cancers such as basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, are termed \u201cnon melanoma skin cancer\u201d.

Should skin cancer be removed?

In most cases, skin cancers should be treated by your dermatology provider.

What are the odds of surviving skin cancer?

Non melanoma skin cancers are not commonly fatal. Melanoma is not usually fatal, although the mortality rate is higher than that of non melanoma skin cancer.

What happens if skin cancer goes undetected?

Certain skin cancers can be fatal if left undetected.

What happens if you have skin cancer?

Skin cancer treatments vary greatly, therefore it is recommended that you consult with your dermatology provider about which treatment is right for you.

What skin cancer looks like when it starts?

Skin cancer can present in many ways. It is best to consult with your dermatology provider if you have a spot that is concerning.

What Skin Cancer Looks Like?

Skin cancer can present in many ways. It is best to consult with your dermatology provider if you have a spot that is concerning.

Where is skin cancer most commonly found on the body?

Skin cancers can be found anywhere on the body, but more commonly on sun exposed areas of the face, arms and trunk

Are moles genetic?

The propensity to develop moles or a certain type of mole can be genetic, but not 100% of the moles a person has are related to genes.

Can a dermatologist tell if a mole is cancerous?

A dermatologist or dermatology provider can determine whether or not a mole is suspicious of being cancerous, in which case he or she would recommend a biopsy of the lesion. The pathologist would then read the specimen under a microscope to determine if the lesions is benign, precancerous, or cancerous.

Can a mole itch and not be cancer?

Yes. Moles can itch, and not be cancerous.

Can moles be oval shaped?

Moles come in many shapes and sizes. Oval can be a normal shape, however, it should be discussed with your dermatology provider

Can moles be removed from face without scarring?

Any time a mole is removed, there is a risk of scarring. Some moles can be removed easier than others with minimal scarring, so it would best to discuss it with your dermatology provider.

Can you freeze off a mole at home?

It is greatly discouraged to freeze moles off at home. Please consult with your dermatology provider before removing any moles.

Do moles grow in clusters?

Moles can grow in many shapes, sizes, and patterns.

Do moles have roots?

Moles do not have \u201croots\u201d.

How do doctors check if a mole is cancerous?

To determine if a mole is cancerous, your dermatology provider would biopsy the lesion and send it for pathology.

How do you get moles?

Your moles are mostly genetic.

How do you know if a mole is suspicious?

There are ABCDs of moles: A -asymmetry, B- border (irregular or enlarging), C-color (changes, or brown/black/red), D- diameter (greater than 6mm). This tool can help determine if a mole is suspicious, however, it is best to consult with your dermatology provider.

How do you stop moles from forming?

You cannot prevent moles from forming.

How long can skin cancer go undetected?

Unfortunately, skin cancer can go undetected for years and can be fatal. That is why annual full-body skin checks are recommended for most people.

How long do you have to wear a bandage after mole removal?

This can be different for every provider, and dependent upon the depth of removal.

Should I get moles removed?

Precancerous or suspicious moles should be removed by your dermatology provider. Normal or benign moles can be removed if they are bothersome or irritated.

What does it mean when you have a lot of moles?

Having a lot of moles doesn’t mean anything good or bad.

What is the fastest way to get rid of moles?

Mole removal can be done by your dermatology provider, if appropriate.

When should you be concerned about a mole?

See the ABCDs of moles above. If you notice any change in a mole, it is best to have it evaluated by your dermatology provider.

When should you get moles checked?

Annual full body checks are recommended unless stated otherwise by your dermatology provider.

Why is my mole dry and crusty?

Any mole of concern should be evaluated by your dermatology provider.

Why is my mole itchy?

Moles can itch for a variety of reasons, including growth and irritation. Any mole of concern should be evaluated by your dermatology provider.